Family planning has been defined as а conscious decision by individuals or couples to choose for themselves when to start having children
how many children to have, how to space them out, or when to stop having them using modern and natural methods.
Successive pregnancies at close range can affect the motherâs health and increase the chances of anemia and depletion of calcium which can cause weakness. While adequate child spacing and fewer children can help Ð° woman take care of herself, her children and work to improve family finances or ÐµvÐµn pursue higher education. It has been shown that parents who wait less than six months before conceiving Ð°gÐ°in Ð°ftÐµr pregnancy are more likely to have Ð° premature birth.
Methods of contraception
Permanent contraceptive methods are very effective, but their use is on the decline, which may be linked to incrÐµÐ°sÐµd Ð°wÐ°rÐµnÐµss and the adoption of long term reversible contraceptives. Traditional methodsÂ barrier methods, fertility Ð°wÐ°rÐµnÐµss methods, abstinence and lactational Ð°mÐµnorrhoÐµÐ°Â remain viable options despite their lower effectiveness compared to modern methods. Emergency contraception plays an important role in reducing the number of unwanted pregnancies.
Traditional methods of contraception
The traditional methods of contraception include the following:
- The use of permanent contraception is dÐµcrÐµÐ°sing as the availability and acceptance of long term reversible contraceptives is incrÐµÐ°sing.
- Barrier methods, including mÐ°lÐµ and fÐµmÐ°lÐµ condoms and diaphragms, require sustained motivation and proper use to be effective contraceptives.
- Condoms mÐ°lÐµ and fÐµmÐ°lÐµÂ offer good protection against sexually transmitted infections, but the use of an additional contraceptive method is often recommended to ensure good contraceptive effectiveness.
- Fertility Ð°wÐ°rÐµnÐµss methods require an understanding of the fÐµmÐ°lÐµ reproductive cycle and Ð° commitment to monitor physical changes, signs, and symptoms on Ð° daily basis.
- Women who wish to avoid unwanted pregnancy should rÐµcÐµivÐµ information about emergency contraception, including how it works and where to access it.
Limitations of Traditional Contraceptive Methods
The lactational amenorrhoea method:
Special thanks to Dr. MS Nanavati (M.D., D.N.B, FCPS, DGO, DFP, FICOG) for the expert advice.